Item Type: Concertina
Full Description: 48-Key English system No 8301, with "Louis Lachenal" label. A good quality rosewood-ended model, with brass floral end-inlays, gilt-embossed bellows and straps, silver-capped metal keys. This model exhibits all the post-1848 design features developed by Lachenal. This quality model has the divided end and bellows-frame, and the frets are machine-cut. The reeds in this and later models are now always in round-ended brass reed-frames, and the large annular pan-label bearing Louis Lachenal's "Lit James St" address. Silver-capped metal keys, gilt-embossed 5-fold green leather bellows and gilt-embossed thumb-straps, floral green/gilt papers. Large circular reed-pan label, original white chamois leather sub-fret baffles. Rosewood veneered case with original unbroken top-strap (a rare survival), plus leather outer case.
Concertina Summary: Louis Lachenal 48-key English concertina, No 8301. A good quality rosewood-ended model, with gilt embossed bellows and straps, silver-capped metal keys. Early Louis Lachenal label, floral bellows papers, rosewood veneered case, plus leather outer case.
Owner or Collection: Concertina Museum, Belper
Maker: Louis Lachenal
Maker Links: Concertina, Louis Lachenal, No 8301. Maker information here, www.concertina.com/lachenal/index.htm - with a study of Production details & Serial Numbers here: www.concertina.com/chambers/lachenal-production/index.htm
Region of Manufacture: London
Main Maker's Label Wording: Oval paper label to RH oval fret embouchure, early wording: "Louis Lachenal, Patent Concertina Manufacturer, London"
Principal Serial Number: Serial Number 8301.
System Type: Standard 48-Key Treble English system.
Source Catalogue No: The Concertina Museum Collection Ref:C-322.
The Lachenal company made concertinas between 1858 and 1933.
Louis Lachenal, a Swiss engineer, started to work with Wheatstone in the early 1840s producing screws. By 1847 he was producing complete instruments for Wheatstone in his workshops. On expiry of Wheatstone's 1844 patent in 1858, Lachenal began to produce concertinas bearing his own name. He died in 1861, and the firm was then managed by his widow Elisabeth.
Elisabeth Lachenal passed on the company to a group of employees in 1872, and the company name was changed to Lachenal & Co.. In 1883 the company owners were Richard Ballinger, Louis Charrière, Thomas William Saunders, John Saunders, William Bywater Fisher, and Charles Crabb, with Charles Crabb (brother of John Crabb) retiring in that year. During the 1880s and 1890s various new concertina developments were introduced including The Maccann Duet, the Bowing Valve, the 12 sided Edeophone, and the Crane Duet, which was made by Lachenal for Crane of Liverpool. By 1907 Lachenal was completely owned by the Saunders family. During the late 1920s the company suffered economic problems, and finally closed in 1933.
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Created August 2009 by Neil Wayne
Last Modified 07 February 2012 by Neil Wayne, Chris Flint, Wes Williams
This page created Tuesday 14 February 2012.