Item Type: Concertina
Full Description: Nickolds No 365. A basic and early 20-key anglo concertina, with the dealer's label of "Barnett Samuel and Sons, Worship Street, London". Mahogany ends, mahogany action board, mahogany hand-bars, stepped at each end, as in Rock Chidley Serial No 5647 (Instrument C-263 ). The round-end brass reeds with steel tongues, have the unusual open-sided tongue-securing cross pieces, in common usage on Nickolds instruments. Simple fretwork, with no number cartouche. Original shabby paper-covered pink paper-lined deal hexagonal, case, later heavy brass "Coffin Handle".
Concertina Summary: Nickolds, No 365. A basic and early 20-key anglo concertina, with a dealer's label of "Barnett Samuel and Sons, Worship Street, London" label, and further label of "E F Allen & sons, Royal Music Saloon, Wolverhampton" in lid of case.
Owner or Collection: Concertina Museum, Belper
Maker: Nickolds, though possibly made at the Louis Lachenal workshops
Maker Links: Wes Williams' survey of minor concertina makers has an entry about Nickolds Bros here: www.concertinas.org.uk/others.htm#nickolds, and Richard Carlin's interview with Frank Butler has much information about Austin, George Jones, and other early Wheatstone craftsmen who went on to become makers see: [http://www.concertina.com/carlin/frank-butler-interview/index.htm.
Region of Manufacture: London
Main Maker's Label Wording: Dealer's label only.
System Type: 20 + 1 Key Anglo system
Source Catalogue No: The Concertina Museum Collection Ref:C-271.
The Lachenal company made concertinas between 1858 and 1933.
Louis Lachenal, a Swiss engineer, started to work with Wheatstone in the early 1840s producing screws. By 1847 he was producing complete instruments for Wheatstone in his workshops. On expiry of Wheatstone's 1844 patent in 1858, Lachenal began to produce concertinas bearing his own name. He died in 1861, and the firm was then managed by his widow Elisabeth.
Elisabeth Lachenal passed on the company to a group of employees in 1872, and the company name was changed to Lachenal & Co.. In 1883 the company owners were Richard Ballinger, Louis Charrière, Thomas William Saunders, John Saunders, William Bywater Fisher, and Charles Crabb, with Charles Crabb (brother of John Crabb) retiring in that year. During the 1880s and 1890s various new concertina developments were introduced including The Maccann Duet, the Bowing Valve, the 12 sided Edeophone, and the Crane Duet, which was made by Lachenal for Crane of Liverpool. By 1907 Lachenal was completely owned by the Saunders family. During the late 1920s the company suffered economic problems, and finally closed in 1933.
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Created August 2009 by Neil Wayne
Last Modified 07 February 2012 by Neil Wayne, Chris Flint, Wes Williams
This page created Tuesday 14 February 2012.